LTL (Less Than Truckload)
LTL freight includes freight shipments that do not completely occupy a truck trailer. Most freight trailers on the road today are 8–8.5’ wide, 12.5–13.5’ high, and 40–53’ long. This allows carriers to load several LTL shipments into a single truck and service multiple customers and destinations. LTL freight shipments typically weigh between 200 and 10,000 lbs.
LTL freight is most often palletized or crated. The freight needs be packaged in some manner that allows for it to be easily moved with a forklift or pallet jack as this is how LTL freight is moved from truck-to-truck and around freight terminals during the duration of the shipment. LTL freight must be packaged in such a way that limits the freight's exposure to damage or chance of damaging the freight around it in the truck.
Please Note: LTL freight, as described above, may be booked in uShip's Marketplace or through the uShip Published Rate Platform. These are two entirely different processes and methods of shipping your LTL freight through uShip. The following summary pertains mainly to the uShip Published Rate Platform and its carriers. uShip Published Rate LTL carriers include Con-way, Old Dominion Freight Lines, YRC Freight, FedEx Freight, and many more.
LTL Published Rates pricing involves hundreds of factors including freight class, shipment density, shipment weight, travel distance, travel speed, fuel costs, lane balances, handling costs, how fast it has to get there, and what accommodations need to be made to facilitate all of the above. The uShip Published Rates platform is optimized for business-to-business dock-to-dock shipments which require no accessorials/accommodations.
These are the basics that go into determining freight pricing. Each individual carrier will have their own methods and formulas for determining pricing. uShip works with each carrier in the LTL Published Rates platform to receive the rates which each carrier's quotes are then based on. Even two similar shipments can receive two wildly different quotes based on which carriers quote on it and how well that shipment aligns with the carrier.
uShip LTL Published Rates shipments are paid for up front, before the execution of the shipment. The cost of a uShip LTL Published Rates shipment is entirely based on the information the customer enters during the quoting process. The Published Rates system then uses the inputted information to instantly pull flat-rate quotes from any LTL carrier on the platform who meets the service requirements.
The limits on the size and weight of the shipment will be set by the carrier. They will set limits on per skid or pallet weight, total shipment weight, maximum dimensions, and more. Carriers may be very specific in the types, weights, and units of freight that they will carry. It is wise to always check ahead to avoid fees and misunderstandings.
The basic timeline for a LTL Published Rate shipment is as follows:
1. Inventory your shipment
2. Properly package your shipment
3. Weigh & measure your shipment
4. Get Instant Published Rate Quotes on uShip
5. Pick & book a LTL freight carrier
6. Receive/send a Bill of Lading
7. Arrange pickup
8. Track your shipment
9. Confirm receipt and delivery
If you have additional questions, please review the rest of the LTL Help Center articles here.